Indonesia’s biodiversity 2nd richest in the world

A scenic view of Raja Ampat, Papua. (sutirta budiman on Unsplash)

Jakarta (Indonesia Window) – Indonesia’s terrestrial biodiversity is the second richest in the world after Brazil, and is the first position if it includes marine biota wealth.

A number of biodiversity studies mention that Indonesia has 90 species of ecosystems, making it a mega biodiversity.


On a world scale, Indonesia has 10 percent of plant species, of which 240 are rare plants.

In addition, there are 515 species of mammals in Indonesia (12 percent in the world); 511 reptile species (16 percent of the world, in fourth); 1,531 poultry species (17 percent of the world, fifth); 270 species of amphibians; and 1,400 freshwater fish species.

A total of 121 species of butterflies and 2,827 species of invertebrates are also found in the Indonesian nature areas.


In the marine ecosystems, there are 480 types of coral reefs and this number covers 60 percent of species found throughout the world.

These numbers are very likely to increase because of the breadth and richness of each region in Indonesia, as well as exploration and research that is continuously conducted by researchers.

Reporting by Indonesia Window


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